Nelson Mandela Timeline:
July 18, 1918Born Rolihlahla Mandela into Thembu royal family in Mvezo village in the south-east of South Africa.
Expelled from Fort Hare University College for participating in student strike.
Moves to Johannesburg, becomes mine policeman.
Joins African National Congress (ANC).
Marries Evelyn Mase.
Opens first black law practice in Johannesburg with Oliver Tambo.
Among 156 political activists arrested and charged with treason.
Marries social worker Nomzamo Zaniewe Winifred "Winnie" Madikizela, having divorced Mase in 1954.
March 21, 1960
Security forces massacre 67 protesters in Sharpeville. Government bans ANC and Pan African Congress and declares state of emergency.
Acquitted in treason trial, along with co-accused.
December 16, 1961
Launch of ANC's armed wing, Umkhonto we Sizwe (Spear of the Nation), with Mr Mandela as commander-in-chief.
August 5, 1962
Captured and sentenced on November 7 to five years in prison for incitement to strike and leaving country illegally, having earlier travelled to Ethiopia and Algeria for military training.
While serving this sentence is charged with sabotage along with other ANC activists arrested in Rivonia near Johannesburg.
June 12, 1964
After famous speech from dock (democracy "is an ideal for which I am prepared to die"), is sentenced to life imprisonment and sent to Robben Island prison off Cape Town.
July 5, 1989
Meets president PW Botha and then on December 13 with FW de Klerk, who later succeeds Botha.
February 11, 1990
Released from prison.
July 5, 1991
Elected ANC president.
Separated from wife Winnie.
October 15, 1993
Wins Nobel Peace Prize with De Klerk.
April 27, 1994
Votes for the first time in his life in the country's first all-race elections.
May 10, 1994
Inaugurated as president.
July 18, 1998
Marries Graca Machel, widow of Mozambican president Samora Machel.
Steps down as president after one term.
June 1, 2004
Announces his retirement from public life.
January 6, 2005
Announces that his son Makgatho had died of AIDS.
April 19, 2009
Makes his final political address in a recorded message at an ANC election rally.
July 11, 2010
Appears at the closing ceremony of the football World Cup in South Africa.
May 30, 2012
Makes rare television appearance to receive symbolic flame marking the ANC centenary.
July 18, 2013
Celebrates his 95th birthday in hospital.
December 6, 2013
Dies at his home in Johannesburg surrounded by family, at the age 95
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